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Tuesday, February 19, 2008

Fidel Castro Retires / Resigns - Timeline

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) was the leader of Cuba from 1959 to 2008

1945, Castro entered law school at the University of Havana.

1947, growing increasingly passionate about social justice, Castro joined the Partido Ortodoxo (Orthodox Party), a right-center nationalist party. Castro is totally against the US influence in Cuba as well as the decadent local political scene.

1948, alleged participation in the Bogotazo riots, in Colombia, where he might have experienced the importance of popular insurrection. Returns do Cuba and marries Mirta Díaz Balart.

1950, Castro graduates from Law School. Begins practicing law representing the poor and the underprivileged.

1952, Castro candidate to a seat in the Cuban Parliament, with intentions to curb US influence in Cuba domestic affairs. Coup d’État by General Fulgencio Batista. Upon filing a failed a petition against Batista for unconstitutionality, Castro gets convinced that a revolution is the only way to depose Batista.

1953, Attack on Moncada Barracks Garrison. Discontented with Batista, Castro abandons his law practice and forms an underground organization to throw Bautista out of power. 60 militants out of 150 died in the attack. Castro and surviving members of the group hide in the rugged mountains of Sierra Maestra. Captured, Castro is tried and sentenced for 15 years at Isla de Pinos political prison.

1955, General Amnesty granted by Batista frees Castro. Fidel Castro reorganizes and trains his group in Mexico. July 26th Movement is founded with goals to overthrow General Batista. Castro meets Ernest Che Guevara, who proposes Guerrilla warfare. Fidel Castro becomes a communist convert.

1956, Castro and 81 men aboard the yacht “Granma” (now name of the official newspaper in Cuba) set sail for the purpose of starting a rebellion in Cuba. Most men are killed by General Batista forces. Survivors (including Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and Raúl Castro) flee to Sierra Madre, where they organize guerrilla warfare.

1958, Operation Verano. It was an operation launched by Batista to crush Castro’s columns in the Sierra Madre. Castro men defeat Batista forces, demoralizing its soldiers.

The Battle of Yaguajay (19 December 1958-30 December 1958) was a decisive victory for the Cuban Revolutionaries over the soldiers of the Batista government near the city of Santa Clara in Cuba during the Cuban Revolution.

1959, Fulgencio Batista flees the Cuba after Castro’s victories. Castro seizes power in Havana. Castro goes to the US, but he is denied a meeting with Einsenhower. Rebutted by the US, Castro goes visit the Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev.

1960, Cuba nationalizes US$800 million worth of US asset in the island, after the US reduces Cuban sugar import quota and US refineries in the island refuse to process oil coming from the USSR. Cuba gets military and economic aid from the Soviets.

1961, President Dwight Eisenhower breaks off ties with Cuba. Bay of Pigs Invasion failure. Cuban CIA-trained rebels were sent to overthrow Castro ends in disaster.

1962, US Embargo against Cuba. Cuban Missile Crisis defused. Castro asks Nikita to launch an atomic attack against the US .Soviet Unions stations missiles in Cuba, which in turn infuriates US. The US recedes withdrawing from Turkey and Italy targeted missiles to USSR. In exchange Nikita Khrushchev would withdraw missiles from Cuba.

1975, Castro ordered the deployment of Cuban troops to Angola in order to aid the Marxist MPLA-ruled government against the South African-backed UNITA opposition forces, with the aid of Moscow airlift.

1977, Cuba aids Marxist Revolutionaries in Ethiopia’s war against Somalia.

1979, Castro aids to overthrow President Somoza from power in Nicaragua, by backing-up the Sandinista Movement.

An estimated 14,000 Cubans were killed in Cuban military actions abroad.

Seem as the leader by the Third World, he was awarded by President Nelson Mandela with the Order of Good Hope. Castro sent 100 medical aid workers to Botsawana to the war against HIV/AIDS.

Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and Bolivian President Evo Morales, consider Castro as the “Grandfather”, whereas Cuba enjoys a close relationship with the Canadian Government.

2006, Power is delegated to Raúl Castro (brother) due to Fidel Castro’s illness.

2008, After 2 years of occlusion, Castro announces his retirement from the Cuban political scene.

Thank you Wikipedia!

Click below to watch a Brief and to the Point exclusive video on Castro

Fidel Castro Retires / Resigns on February 18, 2008


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